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History Of Graduation Gown

History Of Graduation Gown

Speaking of this tradition of graduation service, we must open eight from the Middle Ages. In the early Middle Ages, the Roman Empire was destroyed, and the flaming classical cultures of Greece and Rome rapidly debilitated, leaving only the Roman Catholic Church as the major successor and communicator of ancient culture.

By the 12th century, due to the development of Christianity, a large number of clergymen were needed to help the bishop manage the parish. As a result, monasteries, archdiocese and parish schools emerged one after another. The church used these sites to educate the priests and monks on the basic knowledge of reading, writing, calculation, and teaching. They used some of the results of classical culture to gradually form the so-called seven arts(grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry , music, astronomy) learning courses. Teachers in these schools are called doctors in Italy, and teachers in France are called masters.

At that time, with the development of the school, the number of teachers who were called masters or doctors increased. The teachers in various places organized teachers' associations, and students organized church associations to manage their own affairs. They all called their guild a university. In other words, the initial university institution is the guild organization of these teachers and students. The same professional teachers in the same guild formed special professional guilds called Faculty. Later, the meaning of the term was expanded to a university branch (college) that taught the knowledge of a certain department.

In the region of Bologna in northern Italy, the earliest two universities in the Middle Ages, the University of Bologna and Salerno University, were established, followed by Paris and Oxford universities.

Only students of these early colleges and universities who decide to become a teacher will be tested by the school. The first step in the examination process is to conduct a series of pre-tests on them. Those candidates who pass the examination must wear the robes of the monks and sit with the bachelors. Then there will be a feast of wine for the candidates who passed the exam successfully. This is the embryonic form of the graduation ceremony for students.

In medieval Europe, men and women in towns wore robes. Cold halls and windy buildings forced people to wear robes that stretched over the floor and attached turbans. The raw materials and colors of these robes and headscarves are determined by the wealth and social status of each person. Thus, the black robes and headscarves of these monks evolved into the popular dresses of today's universities. Not only were they required to be worn at the ceremony of the school graduation ceremony, but also other important celebrations.

Later, robes and headscarves began to adopt brighter hues, and dresses of different degrees gradually became slightly different. After a period of time, the headscarf was no longer attached to the robe, and it became a separate item. People put it on the head. In the fifteenth century, the hat became popular and the headscarf almost became a decorative item, which later became the tassel of today. Oxford University was the first to use a flat square hat.

n the United States, Harvard University took the lead in putting on school dresses, followed by universities in succession, but the style was different from the ones still in use in Europe, and there were differences in each school. In 1895, the representatives of the schools met to establish a uniform style of clothing. In 1903, a uniform standard system for American university dresses was produced. Later, it was revised twice in 1936 and 1960. Therefore, the uniform dress specifications of universities in the United States today are only slightly different in some details such as color.

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